libertarian socialism, which includes anarchism and libertarian Marxism, among others.

Left-libertarianism can also refer to political positions associated with academic philosophers Hillel Steiner, Philippe Van Parijs and Peter Vallentyne that combine self-ownership with an egalitarian approach to natural resources.

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Contemporary left-libertarian scholars such as Hillel Steiner, Peter Vallentyne, Philippe Van Parijs, Michael Otsuka and David Ellerman root an economic egalitarianism in the classical liberal concepts of self-ownership and appropriation.

They hold that it is illegitimate for anyone to claim private ownership of natural resources to the detriment of others, a condition John Locke explicated in Two Treatises of Government.

What was lost on her, and millions of others, was that this wasn’t progress toward the new, but regression to the past.

These “waves of the future” were simply gussied-up tribalisms, anachronisms made gaudy with the trappings of modernity, like a gibbon in a spacesuit.

Left-libertarians, while maintaining full respect for personal property, are skeptical of or fully against private property, arguing that neither claiming nor mixing one's labor with natural resources is enough to generate full private property rights and maintain that natural resources (land, oil, gold, vegetation) should be held in an egalitarian manner, either unowned or owned collectively.

Those left-libertarians who support private property do so under the condition that recompense is offered to the local community.The individual is sovereign; he is the captain of himself.It’s true, no ideal libertarian state has ever existed outside a table for one. But here’s an important caveat: No ideal state of any other kind will be created either. Sweden’s social democracy is all right, but if it were perfect, I suspect fewer cars would be on fire over there.In the old Soviet Union, Mao’s China, Pol Pot’s Cambodia, and today’s North Korea, they tried to move toward the ideal Communist system. What’s so striking about the Lind standard is how thoroughly conservative it is. “Show me anywhere in the world where that has been tried.” Before that, “Give the peasants the right to vote? ” In other words, there’s a first time for everything.Combined, they killed about 100 million of their own people. Pick a date in the past, and you can imagine someone asking similar questions. It’s a little bizarre how the Left has always conflated statism with modernity and progress.In this view, unappropriated natural resources are either unowned or owned in common and private appropriation is only legitimate if everyone can appropriate an equal amount or the property is taxed to compensate those who are excluded.